5 plants that clean the air in the house better than others
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Indoor plants can not only decorate our home and make it cozy, but also improve the indoor climate. Many of them purify the air from dust, tobacco smoke, toxins and heavy compounds hazardous to health.
English ivy absorbs carbon dioxide, heavy metal salts, toxic fumes. It is an excellent sorbent that can remove bacteria, mold, and allergens found in pet hair and excrement. The shrub removes formaldehyde, benzene, trichlorethylene, carbon monoxide. This indoor flower is recommended for those who live next to a busy highway or avenue. Suitable for low light environments.
The elegant and beautiful bamboo palm, or hamedorea, is a very healthy plant. It not only cleans the air from benzene, carbon monoxide, trichlorethylene, xylene and formaldehyde, but also humidifies it. The palm tree is capable of releasing moisture, which will be very useful if the air in the room is too dry (for example, during the heating season). The tree can be placed next to the computer - it partially absorbs electromagnetic radiation. It is also recommended to place it next to new varnished furniture - the plant will absorb toxic fumes. Hamedorea can grow up to 2 meters in height. Loves bright rooms, but cannot be placed in direct sunlight.
A beautiful indoor flower capable of picking up mold spores from the environment, cleaning the room from trichlorethylene, benzene, formaldehyde, acetone, alcohol and ammonia. Spathiphyllum effectively fights toxins and harmful vapors, replacing them with fresh oxygen. For best results, remove dust from its leaves regularly. The plant loves bright light, a humid environment and abundant watering.
The beautiful and graceful Lady palm not only removes harmful impurities from the air in the house, but also generously releases useful trace elements and minerals into the environment, which have a beneficial effect on the human respiratory and nervous system. The plant will be especially useful for people suffering from chronic diseases of the bronchi and lungs, as well as heart disease.
Ficus releases biologically active substances into the surrounding atmosphere that have a beneficial effect on the human nervous system. It is recommended to place it in the bedroom or by the crib. Next to the ficus, you will fall asleep well, and in the morning you will get up vigorous and well-rested. The flower fights dust well, cleans the air of toxic substances that emit plastic, linoleum, carpets and furniture. Studies have shown that the plant is especially good at cleansing the room from formaldehyde, carbon monoxide and trichlorethylene.
The best indoor plants to purify the air
Trying to make their home more comfortable and beautiful, as a rule, the owners acquire various decorative elements and furniture, while few people think about how this can affect the air quality. The fact is that these very "new things" can emit a variety of substances. Electrical appliances, linoleum, laminate flooring, etc. sometimes contain traces of formaldehyde, which in turn come into contact with the air in the room. But what can you do to fix it? Indoor plants can improve air quality in any home. Some of them can make the air cleaner by absorbing traces of smoke, dust and other particles, as well as heavy compounds that pose a danger to human health.
Beautiful plants work for the benefit of human health
To buy the right plants for your apartment, you need to familiarize yourself with the different species in order to understand how to care for them. Basically, they are easy to care for, attractive and good at cleaning the air.
This plant is also known under another name - "Spider". The plant is unpretentious, no special care is needed. Heat and cold do not affect its growth, so you can put it anywhere. Able to filter the air and destroy dangerous microorganisms, get rid of toxic substances (benzene, xylene, formaldehyde, carbon monoxide). To accommodate this flower, it is like "light". It is very important that for children, including animals, it does not pose any threat.
This flower also cleans rooms well from dust, moreover, from poisonous compounds that get into the air, thanks to plastic items and furniture. Perfectly filters the air from benzene, trichlorethylene, including formaldehyde, which actually evaporate from rubber, carpets, linoleum, including plastic, furniture. To make the plant still the property of an exclusive interior, you can twist the trunks into pigtails. Withstands such a temperature regime: in winter up to twenty degrees, in summer up to thirty degrees. Good lighting is required for a flower with variegated leaves, and diffused light, almost partial shade, with green leaves.
This flower is mainly called by women among themselves "Women's happiness", "Veil". The thing is that it blooms beautifully in spring. A plant, without a stem, from the Aroid family. Leaves grow from the root, and the flower itself needs increased air humidity and, in fact, bright light. Its ability to clean the air from dangerous formaldehyde, benzene, trichloretin, including ammonia, the evaporation of which occurs mainly from furniture. Picks up mold spores from the air. It does not really need watering in winter, but in summer it needs to be watered abundantly enough.
Another name for Pelargonium is "Indoor Geranium". It is very important to know that this flower is not very suitable for allergy sufferers, but as for purifying the air from bacteria and all kinds of pathogenic microbes (staphylococci), it is a real hard worker. The human body is beneficially influenced by the essential oils that this plant secretes. Thanks to this, sleep is normalized and the nervous system returns to normal. In the summer, watering is necessary quite often, but in the winter - in moderation.
This plant has one more name, and it is more widely known - "Mother-in-law's language". With regard to air purification, it is considered the most effective air purifier. The human immune system is fueled by the unique capabilities of this plant. It is able to absorb heavy harmful substances that come from synthetics, linoleum, neutralize nicotine, tar, giving precious oxygen directly in return. In summer, it is able to withstand 35 degrees of heat, as it is very tenacious. The ideal solution for a child's room.
This plant is also known by the name "Bamboo Palm". The plant is quite beautiful, hardy and will stand out significantly from other flowers. It takes care of air humidification and filters out formaldehyde. This palm is also called dwarf, and all because it is so translated from Greek. But at home, it grows not at all small - it reaches two meters.
There are such varieties of this flower as Chamaedorea elatior (high chamedorea), Chamaedoreaelegans (graceful chamedorea). Does not tolerate direct sunlight, but still loves bright light. Perfectly humidifies the air (this is an important circumstance in the heating season), ridding it of toxic substances such as xylene, benzene, chloroform, including formaldehyde, carbon monoxide. Given that the flower can significantly reduce electromagnetic radiation, it is highly recommended to install it near a computer and TV.
Many people have the opinion that this plant is only for beauty, but in fact this is a delusion. The magnificent color of flowers is pleasing to the eye, they are even grown for cutting, but they are also able to clean the air of harmful compounds: formaldehyde, trichlorethylene and benzene itself. This plant was brought from hot Africa, so it is thermophilic and loves the sun very much. If the gerbera is placed in the bedroom, sleep will become stronger and calmer.
This is a coniferous, winter-hardy plant that pleases with its green hair. This flower grows slowly (up to five centimeters per year), but quickly refreshes and clears the air from negative ions and dust. The sun's rays are dangerous, but the degree of shading must be selected individually. It is best to place this flower near the balcony, as it loves airing very much.
Citrus trees - orange, lemon
Orange and lemon trees proper, thanks to the essential oils they contain, have an ideal effect on human health; moreover, there are fewer microbes and harmful bacteria in the air. The nervous system calms down, sleep and emotional state improve. Thanks to citrus trees, we can say with confidence that they are able to remove harmful chemical constituents, because they can evaporate from linoleum, also plastic, besides lacquered furniture.
In many homes, you can find just such a plant, as it is very beautiful, especially during the flowering period. You need to properly care for such beauty, namely, use a spray to moisten the bush. Thanks to this, it will help to humidify and actually purify the air in the house. This flower not only kills fungi and microbes, but also absorbs dust like a vacuum cleaner. It can be placed near computers and televisions, as it perfectly neutralizes electromagnetic radiation.
Laurel noble (Laurus)
In Europe, this plant is quite popular, and as for Russia, it is still rare to find it in the homes of Russians. Many people do not know that this flower has not only a medicinal effect, but also a purifying effect. It perfectly kills bacteria, dust, toxic substances (benzene, formaldehyde) and dangerous microbes in the air.
A beautiful plant pleases with large variegated leaves. Those poisonous toxins that furniture and linoleum are capable of emitting, this flower will easily win. Including it is able to destroy staphylococci, thereby protecting people from various dangerous diseases. That is why this plant will definitely help people suffering from lung infections.
The flower is able to purify the air from heavy metals (benzene, also trichlorethylene) that come from the street. The polluted air that enters the apartment from the street through the window can be harmful to health. But this will not happen if you put Dracena on the window. A person will not feel an extraneous smell from the street so clearly, and this is all thanks to the wonderful flower. There are two types: "Dracaena deremskaya" (pleases with red flowers and grows up to three meters) and "Dracaena bordered" (you can confuse it with a palm tree that grows to a large size).
Aloe can be found in almost every family, since this plant is simply irreplaceable in case of diseases. You can not only treat a runny nose with juice, but also use it as a prophylaxis. In addition, it cleans the air well from formaldehyde, which is released by new furniture. This flower relieves nervous tension and noticeably improves the functioning of the brain.
This flower is also called the "Umbrella Tree" because the leaves are like the spokes of an umbrella. Belongs to the Araliev family, Ginseng is isolated from relatives. If you want to see bright green, yellow colors, then you need to provide the plant with a sufficient amount of diffused light.
Perfectly moisturizes the air and actually cleans it from harmful components (formaldehyde, including benzene, toluene). The smoker will be an irreplaceable assistant in the family, as the flower can quickly neutralize tar and of course nicotine. But you should be careful about watering, lighting and the actual humidity of the air.
Peperomia obtusifolia Dietr
An evergreen ground cover is distinguished by elliptical leaves. The plant is decorative-deciduous, and its leaves are like pads. This is a fairly hardy plant that is able to store moisture. It takes care of air purification from formaldehyde, including benzene and other harmful impurities. The flower is capable of providing antiviral, including antibacterial, effect. It is not desirable to lower the temperature less than 16 degrees, it is desirable to provide partial shade.
It is very important to choose flowers for your home that would not only please the eye, but also cleanse your home well, improve your well-being and help to resist many diseases.
The most common coniferous plant, which is characterized by fast growth. The tree has a lifespan of 600 years.
The pine tree has a thick, branched trunk, covered with deep cracked bark. The branches are thick, arranged horizontally and form a dense conical crown with several tops. The pine needles are long, soft, pointed, painted in a rich green color. The needles are arranged in pairs and reach a length of 7 cm. When the tree reaches 60 years of age, it begins its flowering period.
Pine needles and bark contain essential oils, carotene, vitamins, organic acids. Resin and phytoncides improve and purify the air. It is no coincidence that sanatoriums and dispensaries are placed in places where the plant grows.
8 best indoor filter plants
It is difficult to find even a person who is not interested in floriculture, who would not be familiar with the appearance of Benjamin's ficus. He is so popular due to his ability to easily fit into the interior of any style and the status of culture, both home and office. But still Benjamin's main "trump card" is unpretentiousness.
Easily formed, Benjamin's ficus can either be limited to half a meter in height or grow into a large indoor giant. Graceful indoor woody with a beautiful bark, densely branched crown and often with numerous trunks, they flaunt a translucent, very elegant mass of graceful lanceolate-oval leaves with a pointed top, the length of which ranges from 5 to 12 cm.
Leathery and dense, the leaves of Benjamin's ficus seem attractive even in a plant with a solid green color, but today a variety of variegated varieties are more popular.
Another ficus is also very effective in saturating the air with oxygen, and in absorbing toxins - rubbery (Ficus elastica). Its broadly oval, glossy and dense leaves of large size are easily recognizable at first glance. Despite its impressive size, the tendency to quickly reach several meters in length, this ficus is well formed.
Effect of ficus Benjamin on the air: a filter against allergens, pollen, most air pollutants, actively absorbing harmful gases (especially effectively cleans the air from acetone, benzene and trichlorethylene, exhibits the highest ammonia absorbing activity).
Ficus benjamina (Ficus benjamina). © Tomas Adomaitis
Ficus Benjamin is most effective indoors: living rooms and work areas.
Requirements for Benjamin Ficus: good diffused lighting, temperature not lower than 16 degrees.
The specifics of caring for Benjamin's ficus: requires maintaining a stable light moisture content of the substrate, dressing during the active season with a frequency of 2 times a month, procedures for humidifying the air.
For a continuation of the list of the best indoor filter plants, see the next page.
5 plants that pick up excess moisture from the air
The flower of female happiness, or white sail - there is a belief that the plant brings happiness and love to the house. Spathiphyllum not only absorbs excess moisture, normalizing the climate in the house, but also destroys mold spores.
The plant feels great in the bathroom at an air temperature of +18 ° C.
Coffee tree (Coffea)
Of the nearly 100 species, people most often grow the Arabian and Congolese coffee trees, which produce the Arabica and Robusta varieties. The first fruits appear at 5-6 years, so it is better to buy an adult plant.
Loves good watering and partial shade, absorbs excess moisture from the air and fills it with a tropical scent during flowering.
A symbol of peace and pleasure. In the past, people believed that the tree was sacred: it returns youth to the old, and gives travelers vigor and spirit.
Today we know that myrtle in the house not only restores a normal microclimate, but also takes care of health: phytoncides secreted by the leaves and flowers of myrtle kill microbes in the air.
Laurel noble (Laurus nobilis)
Laurel in ancient times was loved by herbivorous dinosaurs, who least of all resisted the attack of predators. Thus, the predator, choosing an easy prey, immediately received a seasoned dinner. People considered the laurel to be a symbol of glory, victory and greatness.
The plant is native to the subtropics, so it loves humid air, partial shade and abundant watering with warm water. By absorbing moisture from the air, it forms a normal microclimate. Laurel leaves can be dried and used in cooking.
Lemon (Citrus limon)
Lemon is a plant that is pleasant in all respects: during flowering, it fills the air with a citrus aroma, draws excess moisture out of the air. Leaves emit a huge amount of healing substances, sterilizing the space around them.
The tree loves sunbathing, regular watering, and dry soil. Most of all lemons during the year are produced by the Pavlovsky variety.
Plants for the bummer
Beautiful, well-groomed green plants decorate the house, saturate the air with phytoncides, absorb harmful substances and create an atmosphere of comfort. But in order for the potted flowers bought in the store to grow and develop safely in your apartment, you need to take care of them.
Some capricious green creatures need to be sprayed with water dust 3-4 times a day, others need shading from the bright sun at noon and backlighting in the evening. People working outside the home, often leaving on vacation or on business trips, cannot provide such plants with normal care.
So what, absolutely without greenery? No, you just need to choose the most unpretentious indoor plants for landscaping your home. Those that can withstand 1-2 weeks without watering, grow well in the dry air of a heated apartment, feel fine both in the heat and in a cold draft, do not require frequent fertilizing and transplants.
1. It is probably difficult to find a more unpretentious houseplant than sansevieria (mother-in-law tongue, pike tail)... It grows well both on a southern window and in a semi-dark corner, but on a sunny window, the leaves will be brighter.
It can be transplanted every few years when the pot does not fit. Feeding is optional.
Sansevieria does not suffer from the dry air of the apartment in winter, it does not need to be sprayed. It is necessary to water rarely - a reserve of moisture is retained in dense leathery leaves, in winter it can not be watered at all - growth will stop, until the onset of spring it will rest.
The cold drafts of sansevieria are not scary; it often decorates cold foyers and halls.
2. Another extremely resistant ampelous plant - hoya carnosa or "wax ivy". It grows beautifully on the south window; it will not disappear in the north room either. Moisture accumulates in its thick waxy leaves, and it can easily survive for several months without watering.
If you managed to completely dry the hoya and it has lost all the leaves and roots, cut off the stalk from the stem and put it in water - after a couple of weeks, the plant will again give roots.
Wax ivy is transplanted very rarely, when there is absolutely no room in the pot. You can also do without top dressing. And under good conditions, the unpretentious hoya will delight you with abundant and lush flowering.
3. The houseplant is very popular. crassula ovalbetter known as fat woman or "money tree"... You rarely need to water it - the fleshy leaves retain a lot of moisture. The dry air of the apartment does not harm the fat woman. She practically does not need feeding and transplanting.
The money tree can grow on the south window and on the north one. It can be kept in a cool room in winter at temperatures up to 10 degrees.
You only need to follow two simple rules for caring for a money tree: the pot is small so that the soil has time to dry out between waterings, and add more sand, perlite or vermiculite to the ground mixture.
It multiplies easily - just stick the leaf into the ground or water.
4. Graceful green or white-green narrow leaves chlorophytum seem tender and brittle. But this plant is one of the most undemanding and easy to care for. Its underground part has thickenings that accumulate water and nutrients.
Chlorophytum is not afraid of drought and excess moisture, heat and cold drafts, it can grow in the sun and in the shade. It can live in one pot for many years (it is better, of course, to transplant on time, but it will not disappear without transplanting and feeding).
Chlorophytum is considered one of the best absorbers of harmful substances from the air. Perhaps this is why the plant is able to survive without proper care, because it is able to receive and process the substances it needs from the air.
5. Aspidistra also does not require special care. This plant in England is called the "cast iron plant" for its ability to withstand heat and cold, lack of light and moisture. Its other name is "friendly family" because of the large number of leaves on long petioles growing from a small pot.
This plant is ideal for:
- for northern rooms,
- for decorating rooms with a lack of daylight,
- for landscaping offices with artificial lighting.
Aspidistra grows normally in dry and humid air, is not afraid of either drafts or heat, does not suffer from either excess moisture or lack of it. It is rarely necessary to transplant it, when the rhizome begins to occupy almost the entire pot.
6. The exotic does not need special care either zamioculcas... Well tolerates poor lighting and breaks in watering the soil. Zamiaculcas does not suffer from the bright sun, does not require frequent transplants and fertilizing, grows well in a small pot.
If you do not water for a long time, it will throw off all the leaf blades, lose its decorative effect, but new complex leaves will quickly grow from the tuber (thickened stem under the soil surface) after watering.
The only requirement - the soil should not be too nutritious and dense. It is better to mix the prepared soil for violets or cacti with sand.
7. An ideal plant for people who often leave their home for 1-2 weeks - nolina (bokarnea)... This bottle-shaped desert dweller looks original in any interior and requires very little care and attention. And for the formation of caudex (thickening on the trunk), it needs to be watered rarely, but abundantly, so that it is saturated with water for the period of "drought".
The only requirement - plant the bokarney correctly: the soil should be loose, poorly nutritious, the pot is small. After good watering, all excess moisture should drain out of the pot. This plant will rot in wet ground.
8. Scindapsus golden - unpretentious ampelous plant with heart-shaped or rounded leaves of bright green color with yellowish-white spots. The plant can reach one and a half meters in length, it is used for vertical gardening.
Scindapsus is quite shade-tolerant, it can grow in the back of the room, where the sun only occasionally falls, or even do only with artificial lighting. True, the leaves in the shade lose light spots, become completely green.
Plant care is minimal. Scindapsus effectively cleans the air from harmful substances. Feels very good in the kitchen, where there are constant changes in temperature and humidity. Its dense leaves and stems retain moisture well. It grows quickly, so it is advisable to periodically fertilize.
9. Some types Kalanchoe long known as a maintenance-free medicinal houseplant. Recently, many beautifully flowering Kalanchoe hybrids have appeared.
You can rarely water the plant, its dense, succulent leaves and stems contain a lot of moisture. Grows well on windows of any orientation.
Kalanchoe is a shade-tolerant flower, tolerates sudden changes in temperature without problems, blooms for a long time. It grows rather slowly, does not need frequent transplants.
10. Spathiphyllum - unpretentious, blooming plant throughout the year. In summer it grows well on the western, eastern and northern windows, in winter it is better to rearrange it to the south.
Lack of moisture tolerates well. With strong overdrying, the leaves droop, but after watering they come to life again. Does not require frequent transplants. Fertilizers are useful, but they will not be lost without them.
For spathiphyllum, it is important to choose the right place - it does not like the cold. Put it away from drafts and windows that open in winter to ventilate, and there will be no problems with the plant.
There are quite a lot of such unpretentious indoor plants in the care, it is easy to choose ampelous or beautifully blooming, large or miniature. Minimal maintenance does not mean that the flower can be left for six months in the corner without watering. Each houseplant requires attention, responds to care with new shoots, the appearance of buds.
Non-capricious, easy-to-maintain home flowers are great for novice florists. published by econet.ru
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