gm.obsculta-music.at
Information

Veneta potatoes are the ideal variety

 Veneta potatoes are the ideal variety



We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.


The markets offer many varieties of potatoes. This diversity allows gardeners to choose the species that are most suitable for a specific climatic zone and at the same time do not lose their yield. That is why the Veneta potato variety is widely cultivated on personal plots and farms, which shows resistance to diseases and is valued for its taste.

Description of the Veneta variety

Veneta potatoes were bred by breeders from Germany at the end of the last century. This variety meets high modern standards. First, European farmers, and then our agrarians growing a new potato variety, were convinced of its high yield at minimal cost. Since 2001, Veneta has been included in the State Register for the Central, Central Black Earth, North Caucasian, Middle Volga, Volga-Vyatka and Ural regions. The species is early ripe, the ripeness period is 70–75 days, and young fruits are edible after 45 days.

The main advantage of the variety is genetic immunity to many diseases.

Main characteristics

According to the unanimous opinion of gardeners, Veneta is one of the best varieties, distinguished by drought resistance, productivity and wonderful fruit taste.

Appearance

The plant forms a sprawling bush with light green leaves, slightly wavy at the edges. It blooms with white flowers.

The tuber weighs an average of 67–95 grams. The pulp is light yellow, tasty, the amount of starch in it is small - 12.9-15.2%. During heat treatment, there is an average friability of the tuber, the color of the pulp does not change. Potatoes are used for frying, making soups, pancakes, casseroles.

Variety Veneta - oval-round shape, with yellow skin and inconspicuous eyes

Yield

A distinctive feature of the variety is the amicable formation of almost one-dimensional tubers. 10-12 of them grow on one bush. At the first digging on the 45th day, you can get 127-159 centners per hectare, on the 55th day - 220 centners / ha. The maximum rate is 238 c / ha. In the south of the country, where the season begins much earlier, the variety is used to obtain a double harvest: in July, fully ripe potatoes are harvested and the field is re-planted with the same crop. By the end of September, the second harvest is held.

10-12 tubers are formed on one bush

Resistance to mechanical damage

The variety is resistant to damage when harvested: up to 87–97% of tubers retain their presentation. Keeping quality of potatoes 87%. To keep the waste during storage as small as possible, experienced vegetable growers advise to discard spoiled and chopped tubers and dry the potatoes well before storing them in storage.

Unpretentiousness

The culture is unpretentious, regardless of weather conditions, it gives excellent yields. The variety is distinguished by drought resistance, therefore it is widely cultivated in areas with hot climates.

Disease resistance

The main advantage of the Veneta potato is its persistent immunity to diseases: the causative agent of potato cancer, golden cyst nematodes, wrinkled and banded mosaics, and leaf curling. This greatly facilitates maintenance, avoids the use of chemicals for soil and plant cultivation. Under unfavorable conditions, the variety is only susceptible to late blight pathogen by tops, moderately susceptible to tubers.

Potato growers tips

Experts who successfully grow Veneta potatoes and give excellent characteristics to this variety, advise you to follow the rules of agricultural technology and take into account the factors affecting yield.

Sprouting tubers

Tubers are scattered in a thin layer over the boxes and placed in the light at a temperature of +15. Eyes hatch after 2-3 weeks. Sprouted tubers on both sides can be sprayed with a solution of Maxim, Fumar (1 ampoule per 10 liters) to prevent late blight.

To obtain an early harvest, the tubers are pre-germinated

Seat selection

The potato field should not be located in low-lying and clayey places where groundwater stagnates.

Potatoes are a light-loving crop, so the site should be well lit by the sun

Compliance with crop rotation

It is not recommended to plant root crops for 2-3 years in a row in the same area, as well as after nightshades. Potatoes grow very well after peas, mustard, oats. Grasses cut in autumn and dug into the soil are re-milled by spring and turn into a valuable organic fertilizer.

Landing

When planting, 100 grams of ash are introduced into the hole and the sprouted tubers are placed to a depth of 8-10 cm. Since Veneta grows as a spreading bush, the distance between the holes is sufficient - 45 cm, between the rows - 75 cm.

Fertilization

In the spring, for digging, 500 kg of humus, 6 kg of superphosphate, 5 kg of potassium salt are introduced per hundred square meters. Before the first hilling, the plants are fed with 10 grams of ammonium nitrate and 300 grams of humus. Potassium fertilizers, which are applied before the buds appear, have a good effect on the quality of potatoes. After flowering, for a better formation of tubers, 30 grams of superphosphate is added to the soil per 10 liters of water per bush. Top dressing is carried out after watering or rain, so as not to cause burns to the roots.

Fertilizing the soil is necessary, as the plants require a balanced diet.

Watering

The variety tolerates drought well, natural precipitation is enough for it. However, during flowering and especially the formation of tubers, plants need moisture and in extreme heat it will not be superfluous to water 2-3 times (4 liters per bush).

Hilling

In order for the soil to become loose and allow air to pass through, the plantings need to be hilled. If recurrent frosts are predicted, the bushes are completely covered with earth or covered with agrofibre. Hilling will not only protect immature plants from the cold, but will also contribute to the development of the root system and an increase in the formation of new stolons, which contributes to an increase in yield by 25%. Three hilling operations are carried out per season with an interval of 10 days. In large areas, potatoes are spud with cultivators, in small summer cottages - with a hoe or a walk-behind tractor.

The potato bucket facilitates the process of loosening the soil

Disease prevention

Veneta potatoes have a strong immunity to a number of diseases, but to prevent late blight, plants are sprayed with Hom (40 grams per 10 liters of water) three times a season, but no later than 3 weeks before harvesting. Against the Colorado potato beetle, the bushes are treated with Actellik, Decis.

Harvesting and storage

10 days before harvest, when the stems begin to wither and fall off, the tops are mowed. This contributes to an increase in yield and a faster coarsening of the skin, which means that the tubers will be less damaged during harvesting. The dug up potatoes are dried, sorted and stored in cellars. The storages are pre-treated with a 10% solution of copper sulfate.

When stored in nets, it is easy to determine the safety of potatoes and, if necessary, remove rotten or aching tubers

Testimonials

Veneta is one of the best potato varieties, giving an excellent harvest of selected tubers in the early stages, regardless of weather conditions and climatic characteristics of the region, resistant to pests and diseases. No wonder it is cultivated in many regions of the country.

[Votes: 1 Average: 5]


Zhuravinka potatoes - characteristics and description + Video

The potato variety Zhuravinka is one of the medium-late species. The period from planting tubers to harvest takes 75–90 days. This potato is grown in almost all central and southern regions of the Russian Federation. An important characteristic of root vegetables is their excellent taste, due to which they are successfully used for preparing various dishes.

The potato variety Zhuravinka is one of the medium-late species. The period from planting tubers to harvest takes 75–90 days. This potato is grown in almost all central and southern regions of the Russian Federation. An important characteristic of root vegetables is their excellent taste, due to which they are successfully used for preparing various dishes.

Content

  • Zhuravinka - distinctive features of shoots and root crops
  • Features of the variety - yield, taste, growth conditions
  • Growing potatoes - how to plant and care?
  • Insects and diseases - what is Zhuravinka "afraid" of?
  • Fighting ailments and parasites - how to make them retreat?


    Sineglazka potato variety

    This is a mid-season variety. It is also called a variety of amateur gardeners, since it is problematic to grow on an industrial scale due to poor keeping quality, but gardeners - amateurs love it for a stable harvest and excellent taste. It is believed that the most delicious mashed potatoes are obtained from this particular potato variety.

    The Sineglazka variety is resistant to late blight, rot, scab. The flowers are light blue in color. The tubers are large, oval in shape. Skin color with a bluish tinge. On the cut, the pulp of the variety is white. The yield is high up to 500 kg per one hundred square meters. The starch content is high, 15-20%. The shelf life is very low and the taste is excellent.

    It should be noted that, for the above considered potato varieties, the technological yield is indicated. On your backyard plots, it will be much higher. So, for example, when growing the Romano variety, I get the bulk of tubers weighing 250-350 grams, individual tubers reach 800-1000 grams.

    So, I hope you have decided on the choice of potato variety and purchased it. Next, it is necessary to select all healthy tubers and rinse them well, since it is easy to find hidden defects on the washed tubers: mechanical damage, cracks, scab, dents from the onset of diseases. After a thorough additional bulkhead, seed tubers must be scattered in 1 - 2 layers for landscaping. This process takes no more than 20 days in diffused sunlight. In the process of gardening, the tubers must be turned over every 3-5 days. During this period, the peel on the tubers coarsens and turns green. When gardening in tubers, the poison solanine is formed, which is harmful to microorganisms. Greened tubers must not be eaten. But they are well stored, and mice do not eat them.

    Flushing and landscaping has a positive effect on the seed. Only with the help of these methods it is possible to increase the yield of potatoes by 15-17%, and the incidence of late blight and ring rot in tubers is sharply reduced.

    If you have your own varietal (non-degenerate) potatoes on your site that you want to save, then harvest the seeds, observing all the rules necessary for this:

    - when digging potatoes for seeds, it is necessary to take only tubers typical of the variety, from the healthy and most productive bushes, where the stems are quite thick, the tubers are large, of the same size, and there are no small tubers at all

    - tubers weighing 100-150 g are taken from record-breaking bushes for seeds, it is advisable to store these tubers separately, in the spring you will plant them separately from smaller ones, since they will need a large feeding area

    - the bulk of the seeds must be selected weighing 60-80 grams.

    under no circumstances mix different varieties, since they have different growing periods, therefore, they are different in terms of care, and, most importantly, in terms of harvesting.

    After selecting the required number of seeds, it is imperative to plant them, as described above. Potatoes are stored in a cellar at an air temperature of 2-3 degrees and an air humidity of no more than 90%. When the air humidity in the cellar is higher than the permissible level, seed tubers must be sprinkled with a thin layer of chalk before being put into storage.


    The most delicious varieties

    Tuleyevsky

    Mid-season table variety that gives a rich harvest with good taste. Tubers ripen in 90-111 days.

    Interesting! The name was given in honor of Aman Tuleyev, the former governor of the Kemerovo region.

    He does not like chemical fertilizing and watering, so only humus can be used for fertilization. With a lack of boron in the soil, voids appear inside the fruits.

    Recommended for all kinds of dishes, but mashed potatoes are best. Medium boiled, does not darken during processing.

    Characteristic:

    • Medium ripening (90-111 days).
    • The shape is elongated, oval.
    • The peel is yellow, rough.
    • The pulp is yellow.
    • Starch - 15-17%.
    • Productivity - 180-425 kg per one hundred square meters.
    • Average tuber weight 120-270 g,
    • One bush has 8-10 tubers.
    • Not susceptible to potato cancer.
    • Has an average damage by nematode, late blight.
    • Stores well during transportation.

    Picasso

    A late table variety that produces a rich harvest of fruits with normal palatability. Tubers ripen in 120-140 days. Resistant to drought and heat.

    Interesting! The name was given in honor of the artist for the yellow-pink color of the skin. In Russia, people call him Limonka.

    Recommended for salads and frying. Does not boil over, does not darken during processing. Used for frying and fries, salads and soups.

    Characteristic:

    • Late ripening (120-138 days).
    • The shape is oval.
    • The peel is yellow with pink eyes.
    • The pulp is creamy.
    • Starch - 7-13%.
    • Productivity - 190-310 kg per one hundred square meters.
    • Average tuber weight is 75-125 g, 1 bush contains 19 tubers.
    • Not susceptible to potato cancer, nematode.
    • Susceptible to late blight and scab.
    • Stores well during transportation.
    • Good keeping quality.

    Adretta

    Medium early (tubers ripen in 83-90 days), a table variety that gives a rich harvest of fruits with excellent taste. Produces a stable crop and forms tubers quickly in all weather conditions.

    Recommended for preparing various dishes.

    Characteristic:

    • Mid-early ripening period (83-90 days).
    • The shape is oval.
    • The rind is yellow.
    • The pulp is yellow.
    • Starch - 13-18%.
    • Productivity - 400-450 kg per hundred square meters.
    • The average tuber weight is 100-150 g.
    • One bush grows about 15-25 tubers.
    • Not susceptible to potato cancer, nematode, late blight.
    • Good keeping quality.


    Potatoes Zhuravinka: variety description, photos, characteristics, reviews

    Potatoes are a staple vegetable that is on everyone's top buy lists. Therefore, it is important to choose the right and high-quality variety that will meet the positive characteristics. It must be a variety that can yield good yields and taste good. This type includes potatoes Zhuravinka.

    Description of potatoes Zhuravinka

    Description of the bush

    On average, the length of the bush cannot be more than 50 cm, all the shoots are constantly growing upward, sometimes it happens that the shoots can grow to the side, this phenomenon is not considered a deviation, since this happens most often due to strong gusts of wind. The stem can reach a minimum of 0.6 ml, a maximum of 1 cm. The bushy plant is round in shape, rather dense in structure, leaves always have a dark green tint.

    All the edges on the leaves have a rather wavy structure and on the leaves you can see the main veins, several lines. If the shoots after planting already on the 12th - 25th day "declared" themselves - this means that now they will grow quickly and evenly, with such bushes you will never have any problems.

    Various inflorescences on bushes usually first appear at the end of June, and at first they are small in size, and often consist of several purple flowers with a slight purple tint.

    Description of the fetus

    Zhuravinka potatoes have a small peel, medium in thickness. Fruits are always large and have positive taste. On average, the weight of one tuber is 90 grams.

    , sometimes there are specimens weighing up to 170 grams. In one root vegetable, the percentage of starch, on average, contains from 14 to 20.

    The flesh of the potato itself has a white tint inside, but with a slight tint of yellow.

    The variety is great for cooking, frying.During cooking, it is nevertheless observed that the fruits can be boiled in different ways. Everything will depend on the soil in which the fruits were grown and how often the bush was watered.

    The surface of all tubers is quite corrugated, if you look closely, you can see a mesh pattern. But now, if the fruit is small, you may not always find a patterned pattern, but this does not in any way affect the quality of the root crop.

    There are eyes on the potato, all of them are evenly "scattered" on the fruit, not planted deeply, practically on the surface.

    Light-type fruit sprouts, most often, are roundish in shape and covered with small villi, they are thin and difficult to notice.

    The dimensions of the upper processes are small. The root crop has an oblong-rounded shape, more like a large egg. The description of the Zhuravinka potato variety is that one fruit in length can reach a minimum size of 7 cm, and a maximum of 10 cm. Also, when cutting potatoes, it does not darken after a while, so this variety is perfect for cooking.

    Taste characteristic

    The Zhuravinka variety is known for its excellent taste characteristics, in addition, this type can be used for almost all processes. And boiling potatoes, and frying and baking, and making mashed potatoes

    They also say that potato chips are excellent from this variety, and for various casseroles. In addition, it is perfect for salads, does not give off any specific taste.

    The main features of the Zhuravinka species

    Usually, experienced gardeners recommend growing such a variety in the middle zone of the Russian Federation. Such territories resemble the lands of Belarus and the Zhuravinka species is common there. The yield may depend on several factors.

    1. This can be weather conditions, if the weather is too humid, then the root system can rot, if the weather is too dry, then this can lead to the fact that the yield may be minimal.
    2. The soil and its composition play an important role. Never forget to fertilize and fertilize the soil after and before planting.
    3. It is necessary to constantly monitor the moisture content of the soil. Water the bushes every couple of days. If you have a rainy area, then after each rain you need to loosen the ground.
    4. It is well chopped on a potato machine.

    Basic rules for growing

    Keep a distance when landing

    The first and most important rule is that in no case should you plant root crops close to each other.

    Ideally, the distance between rows is 60 -80 cm, if the distance is less, then the roots of another bush will grow on the roots of their neighbor, and this will lead to a low yield.

    Between the bushes themselves, it is ideal to keep a distance of at least 20 cm, and a maximum of 26 cm. Depending on what kind of soil you have, the depth of planting of root crops will also be selected.

    If the soil has a more clay structure, then the pits can be made small, about 6-8 cm, and if, on the contrary, there is a large percentage of sand in the soil, then it is best to dig a hole 10 cm in size.

    Also, depending on the territory in which you live, the landing dates will also change.

    If you live in Moscow and the northern territory of it, then it is best to plant fruits in mid-May, and if in the other direction, then you already need to plant fruits in early April or early May (in the first days).

    Also, gardeners recommend to process and prepare the land for planting before planting. Treat the planting material itself with Zircon or Corvitol - these funds will help to activate the activity and growth of the plant.

    The main conventions of growth

    This kind of potato does not require constant watering, it does not like when its root system is heavily flooded. But also Zhuravinka does not tolerate drought and a high percentage of moisture.

    If it is too humid, the bush loses all its leaves and dies as a result. And because of the high humidity, the root system of the bush will completely rot, and again, as a result, the bush will die.

    In addition, late blight may occur.

    Zhuravinka grows poorly in the soil that is oversaturated with nitrogen. But, basically, the species is not very demanding on the soil, the most important thing is to choose a place in the sun, and after 3-4 days water them.

    Before planting, the soil should be loosened and the main soil granules should always be small to medium in size. Basically, this is the most common garden soil that is fertilized with organic additives.

    Storage conditions

    To get a good yield percentage, it is best to properly approve the soil of the area and the distance between the holes. Therefore, if you adhere to the standard planting rules, then from 10 m2 you can get more than 70 kg, that is, from 1 hectare you will receive a minimum of 630 kg, but a maximum of 750 kg.

    In addition, the species has excellent storage and transplantation rates. You can keep Zhuravlinka potatoes in a cold place, it is best if it is a cellar. In this case, throughout the winter you will have access to fresh potatoes.

    Prevention of diseases and pests

    The characteristic of potatoes confirms that it belongs to rather resistant varieties from various diseases and pests. In addition, Zhuravushka is not attacked by such diseases as:

    • black leg
    • potato nematode
    • cancer.

    This disease is caused by the simplest microorganisms that actively develop in a humid environment.

    To avoid such a disease, it is necessary to carry out prophylaxis of the root system before planting.

    And, if the disease already exists, then spray it with the drug: you can make your own, use 0.5 milk and honey, and significantly reduce the percentage of watering, reduce everything to a minimum, 1-2 times a week.

    Belarusian potatoes ZhuravinkaPopular varieties of potatoes. Description of varieties. Garden and vegetable garden issue 151 Potatoes Tuleevskaya and Zhuravinka. Care. Village life of a large family.

    Of course, the biggest problem with potatoes is the Colorado potato beetle. Beetle larvae actively develop on the leaves of the tops and eat it rather quickly. Such insects can be fought manually or with the help of special preparations.

    Conclusion

    This is the variety that is becoming more and more popular every year and a detailed description of this is confirmation. And all thanks to its unpretentiousness, a large percentage of yield and stable immunity against diseases.

    The seeds of the fruit are strong and take root quickly. The characteristic of the plant is interesting, besides, according to the description of gardeners, even in severe frosts, the percentage of the plant's yield is preserved.


    Classification of potato varieties according to various parameters

    There are many agricultural firms and factories that are specifically engaged in the breeding and improvement of existing varieties of potatoes. If you are going to purchase planting material, it is best to do this in socialized enterprises.

    All potatoes are divided into 4 main groups:

    • Technical grades. These varieties contain a lot of starch, they are used for technical purposes.
    • Table varieties... The most widespread and demanded potato. It contains a large amount of vitamin C. It is distinguished by beautiful, shaped, even tubers. The starch capacity reaches 16%. This potato is widely used for making various salads, mashed potatoes, french fries.
    • Fodder varieties... These tubers contain a large amount of nutrients (protein and natural amino acids). Potatoes are most commonly used for animal feed.
    • Universal varieties... They are used both for food and for feeding animals. It has a balanced amount of starch and vitamin C.

    In order to have a good harvest, it is necessary to choose and buy the right potato varieties that would correspond to the soil and climatic conditions, as well as the needs and characteristics.


    Growing rules

    In order to grow this type of plant, you should choose sandy soils. This will increase the quality of the yield. First of all, it is required to select seed material. It should be small in size and have a large number of eyes. Treat the material with special substances that will enhance growth and help fight pests. After that, the containers with seeds are placed in a cool place, where a lot of sunlight falls. This will speed up the sprouting process.

    Planting is carried out at a time when the soil has already warmed up after frost, and its temperature is about 10 ° C. Due to the fact that this potato variety is quite dependent on the temperature regime, it should be removed promptly. As soon as it is noticed that the tops have already dried up, you can safely start harvesting.

    When planting seeds, a certain distance between rows and bushes should be adhered to. The distance between the holes should be at least 60 cm. But the row spacing is 40-45 cm. It is forbidden to cut the potatoes that were being prepared for planting. This will reduce the yield by at least 40%.

    After 3 weeks, you need to spud the beds. Hilling is repeated only if the embankment has collapsed and no longer covers most of the plant

    Do not forget that it is important to loosen the soil every 2 weeks and remove weeds. Watering should be moderate, so it is recommended to install drip irrigation


    Watch the video: GEORGİNA