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A detailed description of the apricot variety Krasnoschekiy

A detailed description of the apricot variety Krasnoschekiy



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Against the background of a huge number of varieties apricot Red-cheeked stands out for its unpretentiousness... Among gardeners, it is appreciated as a delicious and attractive-looking red-cheeked fruit, which is described below. When properly cared for, apricot yields generous yields.

Description of the apricot variety Red-cheeked

The tree of the described apricot variety has a spreading crown. Refers to tall trees. Height can reach 4 meters... Due to the timely and correct formation of the crown, you can get a low, spreading tree. The variety took its name due to the red-cheeked color of ripe fruits.

Fruit characteristics:

  • weight one apricot - 50 grams;
  • the form fruits are often rounded;
  • pulp quite soft, juicy and porous;
  • in taste sweet and sour notes predominate;
  • bone separates easily from fruits;
  • fruit starts at 3-4 years.

The variety belongs to long-lived trees, the ability to bear fruit lasts up to 50 years. Taking care of such a tree is a pleasure for gardeners.

Breeding history

There is very little information about the homeland of apricot and its origin. It is known that for the first time red-cheeked fruits were seen in the mountains of Central Asia... Later, the variety was grown in Armenia. And only in the post-war period the Crimean breeders of the Nikitsky Botanical Garden gave him a new life. On its basis, many red-cheeked hybrids have been bred.

Today, this variety is considered competitive among the European origin of apricots. Due to their unpretentiousness, breeders made sure that the tree feels comfortable regardless of the region. The selection made it possible to expand the growing area of ​​the red-cheeked apricot.

Advantages and disadvantages

  1. Fruiting apricot does not keep you waiting, already for 3 years from the tree you can taste the first fruits.
  2. Variety does not require additional pollination and the presence of other apricots nearby.
  3. Late bloom avoids the harmful effects of spring frosts.
  1. The tree develops well and bears fruit in any type of soil.
  2. Red-cheeked apricot has an increased frost resistance... Not afraid of drought.
  3. Despite disease resistance, is exposed to some infections.
  4. Dislikes excessive moisture, fogs and rains contribute to the development of moniliosis.
  5. It bears less fruit in lowlands and on wet soils.... In winter, young shoots in such soil can be damaged by frost.

Characteristics of trees and fruits

The crown of the tree is powerful, branches are spreading, strong. The plant is not afraid of strong winds. The variety has earned particular popularity with its high yield. 10 apricot buckets can be harvested from one tree... Saplings, to a greater extent, easily take root and withstand low temperatures. There are no special requirements for planting young shoots. Thanks to the thick bark, the crown is protected from damage. The tree loves a lot of light.

It develops excellently in open areas. Being a hardy variety, it tolerates the conditions of the "Russian winter" well. Such trees will be a worthy decoration for any garden. Ripe apricots have a golden orange color. A distinctive feature from other varieties - red barrel... The skin of the fruit is dense, velvety to the touch. Broken fruit aroma is pronounced.

Fruits ripen in the second half of July. Due to uneven ripening, harvesting must be carried out in several stages. This approach will avoid shedding the apricots. The variety tolerates transportation well... Ripe fruits are in demand for resale in the markets. After harvest, the fruit can be stored for up to 10 days.

Growing region and adaptation in other regions

The variety has proven itself well, and its hybrids in the northern part of the South zone, Southwest regions. In Ukraine, Belarus, Latvia, Crimea, the North Caucasus and the Volga region. The unpretentiousness of apricot allows you to see this variety in garden plots in many parts of Russia... It is widespread in Rostov-on-Don and Krasnodar. The growing geography is too rich to list all regions. In the South, a red-cheeked miracle can be found in almost every courtyard.

Productivity and storage

Productivity depends on the care of the seedling from the moment of subsidence to fruiting. If the recommendations of experienced gardeners are followed, the result will certainly please. The volume of the crop can be increased if the fruits are harvested in 3-4 stages.... The remaining fruits on the tree are poured and increased in volume after each harvest. This technique will solve the problem with storage, fruits can wait in the wings on the tree for up to 3 weeks.

Depending on further use, fruits of different ripeness are plucked. Overripe apricots are suitable for drying, moderately ripe without damage for food. If it is proposed to transport the fruits over long distances for the purpose of selling on the markets, you need to collect slightly ripened light yellow fruits. Any apricots are suitable for canned food. A practical hostess will find a worthy use for them.

Landing rules

How actively the tree will grow depends on the correct planting of seedlings. Compliance with the rules is a guarantee of a generous harvest. So that this process does not seem too complicated, it is enough to follow the following sequence:

  1. Before planting, you need to dig a hole... The size of the pit should be sized for the root system of the seedling. A young tree must be placed in a hole; it is unacceptable to leave roots sticking up at the edges.
  2. The bottom of the pit must be filled with fertile soil and watered abundantly... Bury the seedling so that the root collar is slightly covered with soil. Tamp the earth around the planting, water it again and insulate it with foliage.
  3. The best planting time is the second half of autumn... However, this does not mean that planting cannot be done in the spring. This should be done with the onset of warm nights. Spring planting seedlings require more frequent, moderate watering.
  4. So that the seedling takes root well, after planting, watering is carried out at the root in a volume of up to 30 liters. Watering in the form of a light "rain" under the trunk will not give the desired result.
  5. A week later, the established the plant will need feeding complex composition of fertilizers. This is a very important point not to be missed.

Grooming and pruning

Apricot seedlings do not require trembling care, following the recommendations of experienced gardeners, you can accelerate the growth of the tree and increase its yield. It is described above that the variety is afraid of moisture and shading inside the trunk by branches. therefore you should regularly loosen and mulch the soil under the tree... This is done so that air flows to the root system, and excess moisture evaporates. Otherwise, root decay will begin, followed by the death of the seedling. Watering is especially important during the period of active growth of the apricot.

Starting from the first year of growth, the tree must be shaped by pruning. The formed crown must be periodically rejuvenated, get rid of overgrowths. Cuts of thick branches, in order to prevent diseases, paint over with a special compound or oil paint. The trunk at the bottom is whitewashed with lime with the addition of copper sulphate... It is preferable to carry out the procedure in the fall.

Do not forget about spraying trees from pests. This should be done with periodic regularity.

Diseases and pests

The variety, unpretentious to care, is not particularly susceptible to disease. Therefore, it is popular with gardeners. However, this does not mean at all that you need to let everything go by itself. Without waiting for the manifestation of symptoms, process the crown, branches, leaves. Most often, due to improper care and untimely spraying in the Red-cheeked apricot, the following diseases may occur:

  • Coccomycosis of stone fruits
  • Clasterosporium disease
  • Moniliosis

The symptoms of the disease manifest themselves in different ways. It is very difficult to treat fungal infections, it is much easier to prevent their development with preventive measures... A gardener should always have a spray tool in his arsenal. With moniliosis, Horus and Bordeaux mixture have proven themselves well.

Spraying should be carried out in the fall, when all the leaves fall, and in the spring - before flowering.

Given the fact that fungal spores are quickly carried by the wind, an entire garden can be infected from one diseased tree.

Instead of a conclusion, it should be noted that in caring hands, any tree will rise and begin to actively grow. Compared to other varieties, this one is the most unpretentious. Gardeners love to work with him. The article describes the description of the Krasnoshchekiy apricot variety in detail. Having planted such a seedling on your site, you will be provided with fruits for the whole season.... Happy harvest!


This apricot was bred by the Crimean breeders of the Nikitsky Botanical Garden a long time ago, in 1947. During this time, with its help, a large number of new hybrids were bred, including the son of Krasnoshchekiy, Krasnoshekiy late, Krasnoshekiy Nikolayevskiy, Krasnoshekiy Nikitskiy, Krasnoshekiy Salgirskiy and others. Hybrids can differ significantly in many characteristics from the “parent”.

The variety grows mainly in the southern regions. The tree is large with a spreading sparse crown and long branches. Life expectancy up to 50 years. Productivity is one of the highest among European varieties - up to 90 kg per tree.

When pruning, it should be remembered that the apricot bears fruit on last year's annual growths and bouquet branches.

Fruit

Apricot Red-cheeked ripens in the second decade of July. It should be borne in mind that ripening is uneven in time and can be delayed for a rather long period of time, this is especially true with good yields. Therefore, it is recommended to collect the fruits in several stages. Having reached full ripeness, apricots can easily crumble. Once harvested, the fruits can be stored and transported for up to 10 days.

The fruits are quite large - from 40 to 60 g, elongated, rounded and light orange in color. The variety got its name because of the reddish tinge on the "cheeks" of the fruit. Ripe apricots have a sweet, slightly sour taste.

Apricots, except for fresh consumption, can be used for processing into preserves, compotes, jams, dried fruits.

Advantages and disadvantages

Krasnoschekiy received good reviews from summer residents for his early maturity, because the first crop can be harvested as early as 3-4 years after planting.

The apricot is self-fertile, it feels great in single-variety plantings, it does not require the presence of other apricot trees for pollination and the formation of ovaries. Due to late flowering, spring frosts practically do not affect the yield.

Red-cheeked grows well, develops and bears fruit on all types of soil. It also differs in comparison with other southern varieties in increased frost resistance and drought resistance.

Although resistant to most diseases, this variety is prone to spot infections and moniliosis. Trees are especially affected by these diseases, if in the spring and in the first half of summer there are abundant fogs, rains, as well as with a significant thickening of the crown. Therefore, it is necessary to carefully monitor the condition of the leaves and, at the first signs of the disease, treat with appropriate preparations.

It is not recommended to plant Red-cheeked in the lowlands, where cold air accumulates and the soil is saturated with moisture - in such conditions, the apricot will often hurt and bear fruit poorly. Still, this is a southern species and, like all apricot trees, it needs abundant light combined with warmth.


Description of the variety

This huge fruit plant is familiar to many from early childhood. The trunk of the tree reaches a height of 12 m, the crown is dense, elliptical, rather spreading. Very long branches require timely pruning. The tree has a long life span - up to 60 years and more. The leaf plates are rounded, the pointed end is slightly turned to the side. The bark is brown, prone to cracking.

Young shoots are curved and colored red. Vegetative buds are very small - up to 3 mm, can be compressed or removed from the trunk. Generative buds do not differ in size from vegetative ones, but are more pointed in shape. They are located on annual shoots and short branches. The petiole is rather long - 20-40 mm, of medium thickness. Flowers reach 30 mm in diameter, have a pure white tint.

The fruits of the Son Krasnoshchekiy variety are especially attractive. They are ruddy, oval in shape, have a longitudinal scar that runs from the base. The skin is dense, velvety. The pulp is very juicy, yellow-orange in color with a characteristic aroma. Taste qualities are high - the fruit is sweet with a slight sourness. Weight - about 60 g. A distinctive feature of the variety is a large bone, which is easily separated from the pulp, very sweet in taste.


Advantages and disadvantages of Krasnoshchekiy apricot

Like many varieties of apricot, Red-cheeked has its own advantages and disadvantages, which should also be noted. Gardeners need to know whether it is worth growing Krasnoschekiy apricot in Siberia and the Urals, the Moscow region, the Leningrad region, central Russia, it is also important to remember about the yield and many other varietal features. Advantages of Krasnoshekiy apricot varieties:

  • a very high yield of the variety; in favorable years, an adult tree is capable of producing at least 12-15 buckets of ripe apricots. The fruits ripen in several stages, due to this feature, the fruiting time increases. You should watch the falling of fruits from the upper branches of the tree.
  • begins to bear fruit relatively early
  • the average ripening period, due to the fact that the fruits begin to ripen from mid-July, until autumn the fruits will have time to ripen on the tree, which means that the apricot will be as tasty and healthy as possible
  • high palatability, brightly colored fruit pulp contains more carotene and other biologically active substances, therefore, fruits are more useful
  • versatility of fruit use - apricot Red-cheeked is suitable for all types of processing: preserves, jams, juices, compotes, drying
  • drought tolerance - thanks to a well-developed root system, apricot is able to extract water at a depth
  • self-fertile - the apricot variety Red-cheeked does not need a pollinator, so you can have only one tree in the garden, which will delight you with a good harvest. Or you can plant trees of the same type in groups
  • high decorative effect. Apricot will be a great decoration for any garden. In the spring, the tree is very beautiful. In March or April, flowers appear on the branches first, and then leaves. Flowering lasts about 10 days. At this time, it actively attracts honey plants. This garden culture has no less decorative effect during fruiting, when numerous orange-red fruits hang against the background of green foliage
  • the most resistant to unfavorable weather conditions, a well-studied and time-tested variety.

Along with a large number of positive characteristics and reviews, the red-cheeked apricot has disadvantages:

  • average frost resistance - generative (flower) buds are not resistant to sharp temperature fluctuations in winter and spring, the frequency of fruiting depends on this. Therefore, experienced gardeners plant additional zoned varieties in their plots in order to always be with the harvest.
  • is moderately affected by fungal diseases (monoliosis, cladosporia) and pests (plant aphids in dry summers).


How to care, features and subtleties of growing

Apricot is undemanding to care for and does not take much time and effort.

Watering

Apricot does not like waterlogging, it is drought-resistant.However, in the first years after planting, until the root system has developed well enough, you need to ensure that the soil in the trunk circle does not dry out, periodically watering it. After watering, the soil must be loosened and, preferably, mulched.

In the future, when the roots of the apricot grow deep enough, he will be able to take care of himself. But you shouldn't forget about it. Watering is necessary 2-3 times per season, plus pre-winter water-charging watering.

Top dressing

Like any plant, apricot loves feeding, especially nitrogen. But you need to be careful - it is better to underfeed than overfeed! An overdose of nitrogen fertilizers leads to super-large gains, a delay in fruit ripening, and gum flow.

The first 3 years of feeding are not needed at all, there are enough nutrients laid down during planting. Further, once every 3-4 years, organic matter (humus, compost) is introduced at the rate of 4-5 kg ​​per 1 m 2. With the beginning of fruiting, it is useful to add ammonium nitrate (30 g / m2), potassium monophosphate (10–20 g / m2) in spring, and superphosphate (20–30 g / m2) for digging in the fall.

Pruning

Of course, Red-faced you may not be pruned, it will grow and even give a crop. But it is better, especially in the early years, not to let this process take its course. Correct, timely formative pruning will allow you to curb the rapid growth of our giant, keep the excessive load from the first harvests, and help the tree to strengthen. In subsequent years, only rejuvenating (once every 4-5 years) and sanitary pruning will be required.

Formative pruning

If, during planting, the seedling was cut off 30 cm from the ground, then young shoots will begin to grow from the remaining buds, from which skeletal branches will form in the future.

In the first year, 2-3 of the thickest branches are cut in half, the main conductor should be 25-35 cm higher than them. The rest of the branches (if any) are cut “on a ring”.

We do not leave or cut off anything superfluous

In the second year, choose another 2-3 strong branches, located 25-35 cm higher than the first ones. Their length should be slightly less than the length of the branches of the first level. The center conductor is cut 40 cm above the last side branch. Shoots growing on skeletal branches are cut in half.

Left to right: pruning after planting pruning in the first year pruning in the second year pruning in the third year

The formation of the crown is completed in the third year. In a similar way, the branches of the third level are selected and pruned. The center conductor is cut completely, up to the upper branch.

By the age of four to five, the crown of the apricot is fully formed

Formative pruning is usually done in early spring before bud break.

Sanitary and maintenance pruning

It is carried out at the end of October-November, before the onset of frost. Remove dry, damaged and diseased branches. All remaining (except skeletal) are shortened by 20-30%. If the autumn was rainy and the pruning was not possible before the onset of frost, it is transferred to the spring.

Anti-aging pruning

It consists in the phased replacement of skeletal branches. In the spring, choose 2-4 branches, which are cut off, leaving 20-30 cm from the trunk. The next time, others are shortened, and so, gradually, the entire skeleton is replaced.

In order to stimulate fruiting in the inner part of the crown, skeletal branches are completely exposed in the spring. After that, by the summer, new, young, fruiting shoots will appear.

Pruning rules

It should not be forgotten that any pruning is a surgical operation and it is not painless for a tree. Therefore, you need to follow basic rules:

  • The tool (pruner, garden saw, delimber, knife) must be sharpened and disinfected.
  • The branches are cut at right angles to keep the cutting area as small as possible.
  • Do not leave stumps near the trunk or over growth buds. At the trunk, the branch is cut "into a ring", 1–2 cm is left above the growth buds.
  • Thick branches are cut in two steps (or more, according to the situation). If you cut a branch right away, then there is a great risk that it will split the part left behind when it falls, tear off part of the bark from the trunk or damage neighboring branches.
  • After trimming, the cut surface is cleaned (if necessary) with a sharp knife, disinfected with a 1% solution of copper or iron sulfate, and then treated with garden varnish or putty.

When choosing a garden varnish, it is important to avoid one that contains petroleum products (gasoline, kerosene, grease, etc.). Preference should be given to formulations based on natural ingredients - beeswax, lanolin, etc.

Video: seminar on the correct pruning of apricot


Description of the apricot variety Red-cheeked

The tree of the described apricot variety has a spreading crown. Refers to tall trees. The height can be up to 4 meters. Due to the timely and correct formation of the crown, you can get a low, spreading tree. The variety took its name due to the red-cheeked color of ripe fruits.

Apricot variety Red-cheeked

  • weight of one apricot - 50 grams
  • the shape of the fruit is often rounded
  • the pulp is quite soft, juicy and porous
  • the taste is dominated by sweet-sour notes
  • the stone is easily separated from the fruit
  • begins to bear fruit in 3-4 years.

The variety belongs to long-lived trees, the ability to bear fruit lasts up to 50 years. Taking care of such a tree is a pleasure for gardeners.

There is very little information about the homeland of apricot and its origin. It is known that for the first time red-cheeked fruits were seen in the mountains of Central Asia. Later, the variety was grown in Armenia. And only in the post-war period the Crimean breeders of the Nikitsky Botanical Garden gave him a new life. On its basis, many red-cheeked hybrids have been bred.

Today, this variety is considered competitive among the European origin of apricots. Due to their unpretentiousness, breeders made sure that the tree feels comfortable regardless of the region. The selection made it possible to expand the growing area of ​​the red-cheeked apricot.

  1. Fruiting of apricot does not keep you waiting, already for 3 years from the tree you can taste the first fruits.
  2. The variety does not require additional pollination and the presence of a number of other apricots.
  3. Late flowering avoids the harmful effects of spring frosts.

Apricot variety Red-cheeked in bloom

  1. The tree grows well and bears fruit in any type of soil.
  2. The red-cheeked apricot has increased frost resistance. Not afraid of drought.
  3. Despite its resistance to disease, it is exposed to some infections.
  4. Dislikes excessive moisture, fogs and rains contribute to the development of moniliosis.
  5. It bears less fruit in lowlands and on wet soils. In winter, young shoots in such soil can be damaged by frost.

Characteristics of trees and fruits

The crown of the tree is powerful, branches are spreading, strong. The plant is not afraid of strong winds. The variety has earned particular popularity with its high yield. 10 apricot buckets can be harvested from one tree. Saplings, to a greater extent, easily take root and withstand low temperatures. There are no special requirements for planting young shoots. Thanks to the thick bark, the crown is protected from damage. The tree loves a lot of light.

It develops excellently in open areas. Being a hardy variety, it tolerates the conditions of the "Russian winter" well. Such trees will be a worthy decoration for any garden. Ripe apricots have a golden orange color. A distinctive feature from other varieties is the red barrel. The skin of the fruit is dense, velvety to the touch. Broken fruit aroma is pronounced.

Red-cheeked apricot fruits

Fruits ripen in the second half of July. Due to uneven ripening, harvesting must be carried out in several stages. This approach will avoid shedding the apricots. The variety tolerates transportation well. Ripe fruits are in demand for resale in the markets. After harvest, the fruit can be stored for up to 10 days.

Growing region and adaptation in other regions

The variety has proven itself well, and its hybrids in the northern part of the South zone, Southwest regions. In Ukraine, Belarus, Latvia, Crimea, the North Caucasus and the Volga region. The unpretentiousness of apricot allows you to see this variety in garden plots in many parts of Russia. It is widespread in Rostov-on-Don and Krasnodar. The growing geography is too rich to list all regions. In the South, a red-cheeked miracle can be found in almost every courtyard.

Productivity and storage

Productivity depends on the care of the seedling from the moment of subsidence to fruiting. If the recommendations of experienced gardeners are followed, the result will certainly please. The yield can be increased if the fruits are harvested in 3-4 stages. The remaining fruits on the tree are poured and increased in volume after each harvest. This technique will solve the problem with storage, fruits can wait in the wings on the tree for up to 3 weeks.

Red-cheeked apricot can be stored dried (dried apricots)

Depending on further use, fruits of different ripeness are plucked. Overripe apricots are suitable for drying, moderately ripe without damage for food. If it is proposed to transport the fruits over long distances with the aim of selling on the markets, you need to collect slightly ripened light yellow fruits. Any apricots are suitable for canned food. A practical hostess will find a worthy use for them.


Variety reviews

I have an apricot of the Krasnoshekiy variety growing at my dacha. So he's probably already 10 years old. It bears fruit perfectly. The tree is huge. It is inconvenient to collect the fruits from the top. The apricots themselves are sweet, juicy. There are so many of them. Previously, they threw away the fruits that fell to the ground. And now I learned how to make jam. Super grade!

Nastenka 72

http://dacha.wcb.ru/index.php?showtopic=2274&st=520&gopid=1116033&#entry1116033

Apricot Red-cheeked, planted with a twig in 2011, in 2013 gave a couple of kg to try. Very much even nothing, tasty, aromatic. Height - about 1.7m. In the landing hole - sand, fine gravel, rotted manure and ash "by eye". And also - in every way - different, which is not a pity ...

Gloria52 (Kazan)

http://dacha.wcb.ru/index.php?showtopic=636&st=520

Apricot varieties Red-cheeked - a hardy long-liver. If you stop the choice on it and plant only one tree on the site, then you can collect fruits from it for many years. Thanks to the high yield of the variety, even a large family will be able to enjoy fresh, juicy, healthy apricots for almost a month in summer. And you can also make various vitamin jams, compotes and preserves, which with their aroma will remind you of a sultry summer during winter tea drinking with family and friends.


Watch the video: Choosing the Best Fruit Tree: Apricot