Family outdoor recreation: building a garden gazebo 3 by 4 meters
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If there is no gazebo on the personal plot, it seems inconvenient for rest. After all, a dacha is not only a place where potatoes are grown. A spacious summer gazebo 3 by 4 meters with your own hands will protect you from rain and scorching heat, you can take a nap in the fresh air or organize gatherings with friends.
Types of structures
Architects offer many options for summer cottages. Their shape can be round or hexagonal, like a honeycomb, the structure is made open or closed, with removable or sliding windows. Often, the gazebo is combined with a summer kitchen, having built a stationary stove here or installing a mobile barbecue inside.
Dimensions of 3x4 m are suitable for small areas. Such a structure is inexpensive, it is not difficult to build it, but the result will allow you to accommodate about a dozen visitors.
Video "Building a gazebo from a bar with your own hands"
From this video you will learn how to build a wooden gazebo for 20 people with your own hands.
What are they built from?
Variety reigns here too. For construction, you can use wood and metal, there are gazebos made of polycarbonate. For decoration, lining or block house is used. You can put on the roofing:
- flexible shingles;
- colored slate;
- corrugated board;
A columnar concrete foundation is suitable as the base of the building, although you can fork out for a stone base.
How to build with your own hands
Although many firms offer services for the construction of gazebos on a turnkey basis, if the site owner has at least some construction skills, it is easier and cheaper for him to build such a structure on his own, with the support of one or two friends.
The construction of a gazebo 4x3 m involves several stages:
- A suitable place for the future construction is selected on the site.
- A gazebo project is selected, then the drawing is correlated with real conditions.
- A suitable foundation is being laid.
- The walls are being built.
- The roof is being installed.
Upon completion of construction, the gazebo is decorated, ennobling the external design and choosing the interior.
It is recommended to build a gazebo, if possible, from the same materials from which a residential building on the site was built. The shape of the building must also match the shape of the house in order to feel a single ensemble.
Here are some tips for constructing a gazebo located near the living area:
- If there are semicircular details in the house, it is better to make the gazebo completely round.
- If your home has a bay window, look for a hex building project.
- A simple rectangular or square structure goes well with a rectangular house.
However, if you intend to "hide" a new building in the depths of the site, masking it in the shade of trees, the shape can be of any shape, even the simplest version of a bar with mesh walls will do.
The site for construction also needs to be chosen wisely:
- It should be secluded, away from the street, in a beautiful location with good views, preferably protected by trees.
- The soil should be dense, and you need to get rid of hemp, shrubs and roots.
- If a barbecue or barbecue is supposed to be installed in the gazebo, a water source must be provided nearby, and the building must comply with fire safety rules.
The most suitable and inexpensive material for buildings of this type is wood. The number of building materials, their type - all this is specified according to the drawing of the project on which you stopped.
Before starting construction, the selected site must be prepared:
- the top layer of sod is removed;
- a shallow trench is dug along the perimeter, in which a sand cushion is built and waterproofing is constructed (this will allow the lower piping not to rot from dampness);
- the perimeter of the future gazebo is leveled;
- using measuring tools and twine, markup is carried out according to the drawing.
Now it's time to start laying the foundation.
The approach varies. A good solution is to build a simple columnar foundation, digging holes to a depth of 60–80 cm, building a sand cushion in them and pouring concrete into the inserted support posts from a bar. Another option is that ready-made concrete blocks are dug into small holes at the right points, which will serve as the basis of the foundation. The supports should protrude two bricks above the ground.
If concrete pouring was used during construction, until the material has hardened, reinforcing bars are installed in it. On top of the set concrete, waterproofing is placed, the same roofing material, for example.
The lower harness is formed on the foundation supports from a thick beam of 15 × 15 cm. The bars are connected to each other using the “paw” method. Support posts will be attached to this base. The lower frame is laid out, then the joists are mounted, on which the plank floor will later creep.
All wooden elements of the building are pre-impregnated with all kinds of compounds designed to protect the wood from decay, mold and bugs.
The body of the gazebo is erected in the form of a frame. This is done in the following sequence:
- The base of the future floor is being constructed - along the entire perimeter, the box of the lower trim is sheathed with cross beams and logs.
- Support pillars are installed: four in the corners and one in the middle of each side. They are placed strictly vertically, fixed with wooden slopes, then firmly fixed with metal corners.
- Support posts are sheathed with transverse beams. At this stage, openings for windows and an entrance are provided. Cross railings are also attached with corners.
- The floor is mounted. Of the materials, a thick board or timber of a suitable size is suitable (for example, a "forty" 4 × 10 cm and a length of 6 m), self-tapping screws or traditional nails are used for fastening. The boards should be laid in one piece, special attention is paid to the installation of the first, to which the rest are then attached closely. It is recommended to leave small (1–2 mm) gaps so that water leaked during precipitation can safely flow down.
- A top strap is formed on top of the main box. The top diagonally (crosswise) is covered with a pair of thick boards or a bar.
The appearance of the roof depends entirely on the preferences of the owner. Most often it is made gable or hipped, but if you wish, you can choose a project with a double roof or make an oriental-style roof. Whichever technology you choose, it is easier to build the roof frame first on the ground according to the available drawings, and then lift the finished structure and attach it to the upper trim.
For a standard gable roof, you will need 6 rafters with dimensions of 10 × 5 cm. You can connect them according to the "joint to joint" principle, or simply attach them to each other and to the upper strapping with metal corners.
The roof frame is sheathed with a crate of boards, the distance between them must correspond to the previously selected roofing material. For example, for flexible shingles, a continuous crate is needed, instead of a board, plywood sheets are often used, and a step of 25-30 cm is selected for a profile sheet or slate.
The roofing material is mounted with screws or nails.
Protective elements and decor
Although the gazebo can be made open or completely buried, there are intermediate options. You can, for example, close tightly only two sides directed towards the fence or the depth of the garden, leaving the two front ones open. They are decorated with railings at a height of one meter from the floor.
Here are some decor rules:
- The blank walls are covered with the same boards, then decorating on top with any suitable decorative material - clapboard or block house.
- It is advisable to decorate the railings by erecting under them a frequent diagonal (criss-cross) mesh of thin strips or using any other building material.
- Even an open gazebo should be decorated by covering the openings with curtains. They save well from the sun, gusts of wind or summer rain.
- In closed gazebos, window openings are provided. Be sure to choose mosquito nets for them so that blood-sucking insects don't interrupt your evening gatherings.
- In case of an acute shortage of funds, you can decorate the gazebo by simply painting it in pretty colors or varnishing the wood.
Any garden furniture is suitable for the interior: a sofa, armchairs, tables. In the window openings, you can hang flower pots, decorate the posts with climbing plants.
It is recommended to lay decorative paths from the gazebo to residential buildings and the summer kitchen.
Summer gazebo 3x4 m - a great option for a small suburban area. For construction, minimal joinery and carpentry skills are required, all work is easy to carry out on your own. The cost of construction will be quite comparable to the building materials used and the time spent.
Patio area in the country
The patio is a well-equipped outdoor area among beautiful plants, designed for relaxation. The main elements of such a resting corner are a flat area paved with natural materials and comfortable furniture.
It is almost impossible to imagine a country house today without such open areas. Creating their own secluded corner of rest from the bustle of the city, the owners are trying to plant their favorite flowers, trees, bushes. A summer cottage is not necessarily a place for planting vegetables and fruit trees. And when plants of amazing beauty grow there, how not to build a patio?
Let's get down to building a patio in the country using step-by-step instructions and expert recommendations.
How to build a gazebo with your own hands in the country from a profile pipe, photos, drawings
Increasingly, when improving the farmsteads of country houses, open summer arbors with a simple design are used in landscape design. In almost any building hypermarket, you can find ready-made kits that will be installed by a team of installers in just 1-2 days.
But is it worth it to overpay significantly if the construction of a gazebo with your own hands from a profile pipe is quite within the power of any summer resident who knows how to use a welding machine.
The most popular options for summer gazebos
If you decide to build a gazebo yourself, we recommend using ready-made design solutions posted on the Internet in the public domain. The fact is that it is impossible to work with metal by eye according to a rough scheme, accuracy is needed, since it will be difficult to redo it.
A summerhouse can differ in spaciousness, shape, method and finishing materials. The choice depends on the purpose of the design and your own taste. When looking for a project, we recommend listening to the following recommendations:
- If you plan to build a temporary garden gazebo, which will be dismantled for the winter, then it is better to choose a structure measuring 2 x 2 or 3 x 3 meters. Such a structure can be assembled from parts small in length, which can be stored in any household building.
- Stationary options for gazebos for a large family or a company holiday should be made more spacious. It will be good if the building area is at least 15-16 square meters. This category, for example, includes square gazebos 4 x 4 m.
- Do you need a summer gazebo combined with a barbecue? Then choose more spacious structures in which several functional areas can be placed. A good option is a construction measuring 6 x 6 m, there is enough space both for cooking steaks and for accommodating guests.
Please note that barbecue gazebos should be made from a metal profile pipe, and polycarbonate or other combustible materials should not be used as roofing and finishing coatings. This is due to fire safety requirements.
Now a few words about which form of construction to choose to make it simple and beautiful:
- If the experience of welding and construction work is minimal, put a square or rectangular gazebo with a conventional gable roof.
- You know how to work with metal, read drawings well and are not afraid of construction work - then build a gazebo in the form of a polygon, it looks much more spectacular.
- Is there equipment for bending a profile pipe, steel bar or square? Then pay attention to the arched gazebos, which, with the proper level of decoration, are simply beautiful.
A little advice - you should not build stationary gazebos made of metal and polycarbonate with a pitched roof. A significant snow load will lead to rapid destruction of the material and the structure itself.
How to build a gazebo in a dacha made of metal - an overview of the main points
For the construction of a summer cottage, various materials and installation technology can be used. Therefore, the step-by-step construction instructions in individual cases may differ. We will try to pay attention to the features of all the main stages of work.
- Use a square tube with dimensions of at least 60 x 60 mm for the supporting struts. The wall thickness should be 2.5-3 mm, only with such parameters it is possible to provide the required bearing capacity of the structure.
- Roof structures, fencing, upper and lower strapping should be made from a rectangular professional pipe with a section of 40 x 20 mm. This will give the design a feeling of lightness and airiness.
- Use tarpaulin or polycarbonate as a roof covering for temporary portable gazebos, they are easier to install and remove. For stationary structures, metal or bituminous tiles are more suitable, multi-pitched roofs made of metal profiles look good.
- The floor in the summer gazebo can be made from paving or ceramic tiles, or from a board. But at the same time, the base is prepared using different technologies.
- The main decorative effect is created by the correct selection of finishing materials. Forged products, wood, tempered glass and the same polycarbonate are widely used.
Drawing: connection diagram of a collapsible arbor
Before starting work, assess your capabilities and skills. Cutting and welding of metal requires the use of special equipment and apparatus. In addition, in unskillful hands, a grinder or a welding machine can cause accidents. Therefore, we recommend making a gazebo from a profile or polycarbonate on your own only when you have a certain building experience. If you are new to construction, look for options from other materials, such as wood.
Preparation of the base and arrangement of the foundation for the gazebo
Before starting work, clear the site from the vegetation layer and mark the general contours of the future gazebo and the corners of the building. In the process, be sure to check the correctness of the geometry, for which it is necessary to compare not only the length of the sides, but also the diagonals of the structure.
A gazebo made of polycarbonate and a metal profiled pipe can be mounted on several types of foundations, the main ones are:
- Foundation on screw piles installed at the corners of the structure. If we are building a gazebo with our own hands and want to reduce costs as much as possible, then it is not necessary to order the installation of factory piles. In this case, at the place of installation of the supporting elements, holes with a diameter of 100-150 mm are made with a manual or motor drill, pipe sections 50-80 mm are inserted into it and concreted, so it will be much cheaper. Cut the supports at the same level and weld the support pads to them, to which the main frame of the structure will be attached.
- Another common option is a columnar or strip foundation. This solution is suitable for large gazebos. The disadvantage of this solution is that work cannot be performed in winter, and it is better to deepen the foundation below the level of freezing of the soil, especially on unstable soils or watered areas.
- If you plan to make a floor of ceramic tiles in the gazebos, then it is worth pouring a monolithic concrete slab over the entire area of the building.
Please note that a foundation made of pipes will become the cheapest option for a gazebo made of polycarbonate and shaped pipes, and the bearing capacity is quite enough for the installation of even large structures.
Installation of the supporting frame and roof
The easiest way is to mount the frame with assembled blanks. Perform the work in the following sequence:
- For a square or rectangular gazebo, you will need to collect two blanks, preferably on the long sides of the structure. For a hexagonal, three such elements are needed.
- Cut the support posts to the required dimensions. Connect them with jumpers at the level of the lower and upper rail, as well as at a height of about 80 cm from the intended floor level. It is desirable to weld support heels to the bottom of the support pillars.
- Place the assembled side on the support foundation. The frame is welded to the pile heads or fastened with bolts. Attach the structure to the concrete base with anchors.
- Connect together all the jumpers installed by the elements at the same levels - top, bottom and 80 cm from the floor.
- Roof structures are also boiled on the ground. On a small gazebo, the roof is raised manually and welded to the upper trim of the structure. For large structures, the rafter system will have to be divided into several segments and mounted separately. This will prevent the use of lifting equipment for the installation of the roof.
Drawing of a simple gazebo made of a profile pipe and polycarbonate
Please note that for different roofing materials, it will be necessary to install the lathing with the step recommended by the manufacturer. Otherwise, metal or polycarbonate will bend under the weight of the snow.
How to sheathe a gazebo from a profile pipe
Gazebos with forged elements look the most interesting. But not everyone will be able to make them on their own, most likely they will have to buy. Therefore, we recommend that you pay attention to the following options for finishing the structure:
- Filled with colored polycarbonate or tempered glass. By combining different colors, you can implement your own design solutions or use existing ones posted on the web.
- The combination of wood and metal gives an interesting result. The most common finish is a wooden lath attached to the frame. Cards in the form of a wooden grid look attractive.
Photo: options for gazebos from a profile pipe
Remember that metal is corrosive. Therefore, upon completion of the installation of the frame, be sure to clean all welded joints, prime and paint the structure. This will make the gazebo look better and last longer.
An interesting video about building a gazebo with your own hands
Arbors from a bar - we build with our own hands + Photo, video
The timber is a natural, environmentally friendly material, which, moreover, has the same shape and length, which greatly simplifies construction. The gazebo, made of timber, will last a very long time - enough for you and your children and even grandchildren.
Beams - profiled or glued?
Buying a bar for building a gazebo, you deprive yourself of many troubles - ordinary boards or logs often differ in size, have cracks and other defects, which cannot be said about a good bar. The walls from the timber are flat, smooth, without gaps, into which moisture could get. Thanks to the sharpened geometric profile, there will be no gaps between the structural elements through which the wind will blow.
Most often, the timber is made from coniferous wood - pine, cedar, spruce, larch. Pine timber is the most common one because the tree grows even and forms few knots, and therefore in the process of timber production the manufacturer gets maximum benefit and minimum waste. For the consumer, pine is good because this wood species is very resistant to decay, which means that the gazebo will last a very long time. In addition, pine resin is an excellent aromatherapy agent that has a disinfecting and soothing effect.
Today there are two types of timber available - glued and profiled. Each has a set of advantages and disadvantages - you should choose, taking into account all factors.
- Profiled beams are made of solid wood. The log is planed and milled until the desired profile is obtained. During processing, the upper layers of the wood are removed, which are the most durable, therefore the profiled timber is inferior in strength to the glued one. Most often, you can find material with natural moisture, but it is better to purchase a timber dried to 18–20% - such a timber is less susceptible to deformation, more durable and resistant to decay. Profiled material is more affordable - compared to glued, its cost is almost two times lower.
- Glued laminated timber passes through a more complex production technology, which affects not only its characteristics, but also its price. First, the lumber is dismantled into separate boards, which are planed, dried, glued under a press and planed again. Thanks to this technology, you can get a bar up to 18 meters long! Glued laminated timber has a lower humidity, however, after being placed in the natural environment, it absorbs moisture from the air for some time, reaching optimal performance. Such material gives minimal shrinkage, although solid wood is less prone to cracking. Pergolas made of laminated veneer lumber look more attractive and do not require maintenance for a long time.
Gazebo made of laminated veneer lumber
An important quality that often becomes decisive in choosing the type of timber is environmental friendliness. Thus, the profiled material undergoes only standard treatment with antiseptics and fire retardants and retains the unique properties of wood. Glued laminated timber contains a lot of glue, which often contains formaldehyde. Glue containing less than 0.5 mg / liter is considered safe, but such a composition is expensive. It is in the interests of the manufacturer to reduce the cost of the material as much as possible - it is easier to sell cheap timber, but in this case, wooden structures become accumulators of harmful substances. Be sure to ask what kind of glue was used to glue the lamellas, and how safe it is for people. Calculator will help to calculate the exact amount of timber.
Another important factor is the quality of processing. The best building material is considered to be wood that has been impregnated under high pressure - such a bar will serve 30 years without re-painting. Regular material should be impregnated with antiseptics and fire retardants every 5–6 years if you do not want the wooden walls to darken and be bugged.
Choosing the type of gazebo - fresh air or comfort?
Arbors from a bar for a summer residence - a broad concept. Here you can enter very light arched structures over a pair of benches, and houses closed from all the winds, in which you can not only relax, but also live with all the conveniences. On the net you will find hundreds of photos with different designs.
Gazebo design for summer cottages
To simplify the choice, we will divide all structures for summer cottages into three types:
- Open - small architectural forms with a simplified design. Support posts, a roof and a low perimeter fence are characteristic features of open gazebos. It is good to spend time under such a canopy in the summer, but in other seasons, the rest can be spoiled by cold winds, precipitation or insects. Most often, an open type of gazebo is built of metal or lumber. A beam for such a simple design is completely impractical to use - you will get a minimum of comfort by spending a decent amount of money.
- Semi-open - gazebos for summer cottages that have one or two solid walls. Often these are structures with a barbecue or barbecue, kitchen counters and a minimum of necessary plumbing. Solid walls shelter vacationers from gusts of wind and precipitation, but at the same time there is access to fresh air and a view of the landscape. This type is quite convenient and practical, it can be operated all year round, with the exception of severe winter frosts. Often, the gazebo is attached to an existing wall, as in the photo. For construction, use logs, stone or brick.
- Closed - these are the most comfortable gazebos, which will be cozy all year round. Such houses for summer cottages are distinguished by large panoramic windows, the presence of a fireplace or barbecue. The use of timber for the construction of closed gazebos looks the most reasonable - the structure will be warm and cozy, filled with the aromas of wood. Its construction will take very little time, which cannot be said about the construction of bricks or stone. In addition, timber arbors can be erected on a columnar foundation.
Closed building with panoramic windows
The choice of the gazebo is also influenced by the size of the site that you are ready to allocate for the building. If there is enough space, then you can build a large closed gazebo in which a large company can easily fit. If the area near the dacha is limited, and it is problematic to build a large gazebo, then it is better to make an open or semi-open option, as in the photo - this design will avoid the feeling of crampedness with a large number of guests, and in good weather the table and chairs can be taken outside the gazebo.
We save on construction - step by step, closer to the dream!
As experience shows, building with your own hands even such a simple structure as a gazebo from a bar will cost you almost two times less than if you ordered work from a construction company. With all the materials, tools and friends ready to help, everything about everything will take you only a few days, and there will still be time to rest.
For construction, you will need a profile or glued beam, boards 25 mm thick and 100 mm wide, fasteners (nails, screws), cement and sand (150 kg and 400 kg, respectively), about a cubic meter of crushed stone. For the roof, you will need plywood, insulation, waterproofing and, of course, roofing material. The flooring can be plank or tiled. Of the tools, it is good to have a screwdriver, a circular saw, a jigsaw, an ordinary hacksaw, a miter box, a hammer. A shovel and a container for mixing the solution are sure to be found in every home.
DIY construction of a summer cottage
A gazebo made of timber is a fairly light structure for a summer residence, so you can do without a strip foundation by equipping a columnar base. The posts can be made from formwork, concrete and reinforcement, built from bricks or dug in asbestos pipes for pouring concrete. The fastest way is asbestos pipes. To do this, they take large-diameter pipes, drill or dig holes in the ground with a depth of 60–70 cm, set the pipes at the same level so that they rise 20 cm above the soil, install reinforcement in the center and pour concrete.
Arrangement of the foundation made of asbestos pipes
The reinforcement is necessary to secure the lower strapping, although if you have special corners, you can do without it. The advantage of this method of arranging the base is time saving. There is no need to wait for the concrete to fully harden, which normally takes at least two weeks. It is enough to withstand two or three days, and you can start further work. Asbestos pipes will withstand the pressure of the structure at first, and then the concrete will harden.
A rectangular bar gazebo is a convenient example
We will consider the further construction process using the example of a rectangular gazebo - such a structure has the maximum number of useful square meters, takes up the least amount of space and will perfectly fit into any landscape, as evidenced by numerous photographs. For such a gazebo, you will need a columnar foundation in the corners and every 1.5 meters from the corner posts. That is, if the long side of the gazebo is 6 meters, then it should be supported by at least 5 columns.
The foundation for a fireplace or barbecue is poured separately if you plan to build a large stone hearth. In this case, you will have to make a strip base.
Often, manufacturers of profiled or glued beams offer ready-made projects for arbors - in this case, you purchase ready-made elements, adjusted in size, with cuts in the right places. You just have to assemble the constructor, following the instructions and the photo in the instructions. The profile and glued timber has convenient grooves for joining, however, for greater strength, individual elements are connected by means of a lock - a special cut, which is made from above and below the timber.
How to build a gazebo from a bar with your own hands - a step by step diagram
Step 1: bottom harness
First, the lower harness is installed - at this stage it is still possible to align the sides if the posts were poured at different levels. For strapping, a bar is used, at the end of which an L-shaped cut is made. Holes for reinforcement are also drilled. The bottom trim should form a regular rectangle.
Step 2: lags
The logs carry the weight of the floor, furniture and people, so they take a beam of 50 * 100 mm for them and attach it to the lower strapping by means of cuts or using metal corners and self-tapping screws.
Fastening the lag to the bottom harness
Step 3: erect the walls
We erect walls from a bar, taking into account the space for windows and doors. Do not forget to measure the position of the bar with a level and correct the angle of inclination.
Step 4: top harness
The upper harness is constructed in the same way as the lower one. For convenience, you can sketch boards on the logs to move freely. At this stage, you will most likely need someone's help to lift the items up.
Step 5: rafters
Gable roof rafters are built on the ground. It is most convenient to make one template, carefully measuring all the corners and places for cuts, and then make the required number of rafters using the template. These elements, when assembled, rise upward and are secured with jibs. When all the rafters are raised, a solid sheathing is performed.
Installing rafters for a gable roof
Step 6: roof
Now you can start arranging the roof. If the gazebo is of a closed type, then it will not hurt to insulate the roof. To do this, a counter-lattice is stuffed (the distance between the boards is 50-60 cm) and foam or mineral wool is placed in the voids. Then wind protection and waterproofing are laid, after which the roof is installed.
After the roof is installed, you can rest and relax a little - now the gazebo is protected from rain. Relaxing means setting up a table, chairs and grilling the first shish kebab on the grill. Windows and doors can wait until autumn - it still takes time for shrinkage. During this time, you can do all the work outside - cover the walls with varnish or paint, plant ornamental plants around the gazebo.
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Construction of a gazebo with a built-in barbecueConstruction / May 22, 2016,2130 / 5448
I will share my experience of how you can make a gazebo with a built-in barbecue with your own hands.
It's good when you have your own private house or summer cottage, somewhere outside the city, where you can invite your friends for a barbecue, while you don't need to go anywhere, go, and everything is in place and at hand. And you can communicate with friends in a comfortable cozy atmosphere and enjoy delicious food made on the grill.
I have changed my mind many options for how best to plan my recreation area in the yard. At first I wanted to put up a gazebo, and make a barbecue nearby. But then I decided to combine two in one. Build a brick gazebo, and install a brazier and a stove in the middle of it.
With such a gazebo as in the song: "What is snow for me, what is heat for me, that it is pouring rain for me". No weather will disrupt your plans. And how she will decorate your yard.
First of all, we decide on the material for the gazebo.
Without thinking twice, I decided to make the gazebo out of brick, so it would be more reliable and durable, because you don't need to worry, in comparison with a wooden one, that it would ignite from a spark that fell from the barbecue.
As in the tale of the three little pigs, the most stable house was brick.
Of course, the biggest disadvantage is the financial side, a brick gazebo will cost more than a wooden one (it needs a foundation, and many different structures of materials).
I will describe the progress of the construction of a gazebo with a barbecue step by step.
It is better to learn from other people's bumps than to stuff your own.
First of all, we fill the foundation, and only after that we put the walls with bricks, do not forget to make waterproofing.
We calculate everything in advance and determine the places for the supporting columns on which the roof will be held. We do the height of the walls at our discretion individually.
Then we lay out the columns and make a roof frame from wooden beams.
We lay out the firebox, it will become the basis for the barbecue.
The next step is to put the firebox for the stove, on top of which we will make a niche (it will be possible to put dishes in it) and a table.
Above the firebox, we install the hob, and its rings must be removable. After the brick base is laid out, we proceed to installing the countertops made of bricks made from refractory clay (chamotte).
We lay the fireclay bricks on the refractory mixture.
Since "on the sly" I decided to make a smokehouse for hot smoking, at this stage of work it is necessary to make a channel for it and a chimney that will directly remove the smoke.
Next, we form the lower surface in the furnace firebox (as in furnaces in Russia).
We reinforce each row of the fireclay bricks with a metal wire.
We lay out the entire stove zone on one level (at the same time).
The back of the stove protrudes a little beyond the common territory of the stove zone, do not be discouraged if you did everything technically correctly (which is very important in this matter), then this is the norm as it should be.
The stove is almost ready with only a few details left to do
The final stage: we will install the doors of the smokehouse, and lay out the arches of bricks over the stove, hob and barbecue.
With a semi-dry mortar (so as not to stain the brick), we make the jointing.
On top of the tile, we mount a stainless steel mesh, over time you can dry fruits, mushrooms or put dishes on it.
At the end of the construction of a gazebo with a barbecue, the installation of a soft roof is done.
Let's install decorative elements.
In the warm season, you can use the water that we brought to the sink; with the onset of frost, the water must be shut off.
To extract smoke, we make a three-channel pipe.
We saturate the gazebo and all the masonry with a water repellent so it will be more frosty and waterproof.
Let's leave the gazebo with barbecue for a week so that it dries out completely.
In order not to waste time in vain while the gazebo dries, we will design the territory near it, plant plants, lay out a path.
After a week, you can already invite friends to a barbecue, at the same time you will test your do-it-yourself gazebo with barbecue.
Construction of a gazebo with a barbecue with your own hands video
The construction of a wooden gazebo at a summer cottage has long become the de facto standard for owners of suburban residences. This is not only a unique element of landscape design, but also an opportunity to relax in the fresh air with almost home comfort. If you do not want your plans to depend on a sudden storm or get dirty on the next "miracle of nature", then the construction of a roof and floor for the gazebo will be the ideal solution for you.
The use of wood as the main resource for the construction of a gazebo is considered a tradition - a structure made of natural wood fits best with the natural landscape without disturbing the overall harmony of the landscape. In addition to being visually consistent, this trend also has several clear advantages over other technologies.
The first and, perhaps, the most tangible plus of natural wood is the relatively low price of consumables. You can build a medium sized timber structure without facing catastrophic financial costs. Also, the tree is easy to process with simple tools - there is no need to purchase or rent specialized equipment or machinery.
Rectangular gazebo made of edged board
Wooden gazebos are lightweight structures that can be erected almost everywhere without seriously preparing the ground, which also significantly saves time and money. If you decide to build a gazebo from a tree with your own hands, below you will be provided with step-by-step instructions that will help you carry out this process without the participation of specialists.
Construction of a gazebo
The technical characteristics of the future design largely depend on the quality of the consumable. A board for a gazebo can be made of wood of various species and have a different structure - these parameters, to one degree or another, will affect the durability and appearance of the structure.
For the construction of the gazebo, it is preferable to use resinous woods such as larch, spruce, etc. They contain a large amount of mineral resins that repel moisture and prevent decay, acting as a natural antiseptic. Since the structure will be in the open air, this property will come in handy - the structure will remain in its original state for an order of magnitude longer.
The presence of natural resins, in this case, is not critical - the use of hard wood is also quite appropriate.
However, giving them your preference, you need to think in advance about antiseptic water-repellent impregnation and applying a protective coating.
Construction assembled from uncut board
The texture of the board is selected based on the chosen design - gazebos made of unedged boards will look good in a “rustic” style, where the main emphasis is on closeness to nature. While tongue-and-groove arbors will look more neat and strict. By and large, you can use almost any material that is at hand, as long as it fits into your chosen design style.
Shape selection and markup
The shape of the future structure depends on your preferences - a rectangle and a hexagon are considered optimal shapes. When marking and assembling the lower part of the structure, it is important to correctly build the selected geometric figure, otherwise in the future, you will not avoid difficulties. The lack of symmetry in the frame will look ugly and will require irregularly shaped inserts.
Comparing the diagonals of a rectangle
You can check the correctness of the rectangle by comparing the diagonals. To do this, you need to check the ratio of the diagonals of the marked figure - if both segments are of the same length, then the rectangle has the correct shape. If one of the diagonals is longer, then this means that the figure is skewed, and one of the sides must be shifted.
To mark out the correct hex, you will have to use a geometric formula.
- First of all, a circle is marked, the area of which will approximately correspond to the size of the future gazebo
- Draw a similar circle with an equal radius next to it, so that the border of the first figure passes through the center of the second and vice versa.
- Straight lines are drawn through the points of intersection of the circles and the center of the first figure.
After carrying out the above measurements, you will receive the correct hexagram, it remains only to connect the vertices of the future hexagon to each other.
Preparation of the base
If you want to build a durable structure, then the first step is to properly prepare the base to avoid shrinkage and distortion in the future.
- The site for the future structure must be leveled and tamped, the soil must be reliable, not crumble or fall through... If the top layer of the soil is not reliable (the so-called fertile layer, which consists of humus, fallen leaves, etc.), then it must be removed, and sand or gravel should be poured in its place
Pouring strip foundation
- As a foundation, you can use both tape and pile... In the first case, a shallow strip foundation is formed along the perimeter of the future structure
Depending on the shape and size of the structure, it may also be necessary to form intermediate bearing sections-supports - this circumstance is calculated individually.
- In the second case, solid concrete blocks of sufficient height are used, which are placed around the entire perimeter of the gazebo... The distance between the supports is determined depending on the size of the bearing lags - the more massive they are, the less number of supports you will need (in any case, the distance between them should not exceed 2m). Also, the blocks are placed inside the perimeter for the installation of intermediate elements.
Column foundation blocks
Assembling the floor
- A frame for the future floor of the gazebo structure is assembled from a bar - it will play the role of a supporting frame for the future floor and must be sufficiently reliable. The individual elements are interconnected by means of a tongue-and-groove system or similar technology.
- The frame, in addition to the outer perimeter, should contain internal floors - the distance between them may be different, but at the same time should not exceed one meter if additional joists are used for flooring. If the board will lie directly on the support frame, then the step between the support floors should not exceed half a meter
Rectangular frame for gazebo
- The frame is installed on a concrete support. If the structure will be located on concrete blocks, then a support element must be located under each frame joint.
Waterproofing must be located between the foundation and the frame, otherwise moisture from the soil will sooner or later reach the wooden frame.
Roofing material is best suited for this purpose, which is simply covered on a concrete surface.
Before upholstering the floor, it is necessary to install support pillars, which can be located both inside the support frame (in this case, it will play the role of the lower strapping), and placed on top. In the second case, a metal spike is implanted into the base of the rack, which is then fixed in the frame.
For reliable fixation, the racks are reinforced with temporary supports, and the lower strapping is formed from boards or timber. The maximum distance between the posts can be no more than two meters.
Frame before roof installation
The tops of the posts are connected with a vertical strapping. If the gazebo is rectangular, then the roof is easiest to assemble according to the canopy principle - transverse rafters are fixed to the strapping, on which the longitudinal slats lie for installing the roof. To form a slope, the supporting pillars on one side of the gazebo structure must be slightly higher than the other.
You can also form a gable roof - for this purpose, a rafter system with a central ridge is used. For a hexagonal roof, a hexagonal knob is required, to which the rafters will be attached at an angle. In this case, the structure is easiest to assemble on the ground - the rafters are attached to the part, tied with rails, and only after that it is mounted on the supporting racks.
Assembling the hex roof
In both cases, before installing the roof, the frame is reinforced with handrails, if any, they stiffen and fix the racks. You should also install horizontal ceiling joists if you plan to install it.
A gazebo built of boards with your own hands will perfectly decorate the landscape of the summer cottage and will become a reliable shelter from the vagaries of nature. You can get more detailed information on this topic by watching the video in this article.
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Ideas for decorating a place in the garden
Becoming the owner of a country cottage, many of us get an excellent opportunity not only to grow environmentally friendly products, but also to enjoy outdoor recreation away from the bustle of the city. The recreation area at the dacha is a cozy corner where you can calmly relax, hiding from the whole world, or spend a pleasant evening in a friendly company with the smoke of a barbecue to boot. The arrangement of this corner of the site depends primarily on the purpose that it will perform. Let's take a closer look.
There are several common and most successful design options for a garden recreation area.
Outdoor area for active recreation
Arrangement of an open recreation area in the country will allow fans of active games and sports entertainment to fully enjoy their favorite outdoor activity.
Open areas are ideal for joint children's games and for noisy adult discos under the starry sky
Closed area for privacy and tranquility
Such a platform is an "open room", the walls of which can be decorative fabric curtains, trellises with climbing plants and bamboo screens.
A light canopy slightly letting through the sun's rays will give the structure a special comfort and protect the owners in bad weather
Mobile version of the site
The use of metal or wooden mobile structures in the arrangement of closed areas allows you to transform the "room" into an open meadow at any time. Such frames can be made prefabricated or simply portable.
By moving the mobile structure anywhere in the garden, you can always maintain a sense of novelty
Patio - a patio hidden from prying eyes
The patio is located between the outbuildings and outbuildings. The patio outwardly resembles a closed area, but the adjoining walls of the house act as protective and enclosing supports in this version. An open-air room is a great option for organizing family holidays, receiving guests and privacy in order to soak up the sun and sunbathe.
The best option for placing and decorating such a recreation area in the country is a well-lit back side of the house, which protects from dust and street noise
Related article: Patio area in the country: DIY arrangement and design ideas
Stage # 1 - choosing a location
When choosing a place for a resting corner, you must first of all build on the capabilities of the territory. It is possible to set aside a plot and arrange an open recreation area at the dacha both in the front part of the garden and in its depths.
A cozy corner in the shade of trees will create a real oasis of peace and tranquility, which will be enjoyed by people of mature age
For a playground, it is advisable to choose a site with a sunny meadow and a shady corner, ready to shelter restless kids on a sultry afternoon
When choosing a place, they are guided by the following points:
- Convenient approach of the site and the proximity of its location to the house.
- Protection from prying eyes of passers-by.
- Presence of a small slope to prevent water accumulation.
In small areas, the recreation area has a more compact shape. On plots with a larger area, you can successfully divide the garden recreation area into several subzones, united by a single design.
Open flat areas are chosen for the general recreation area, on which there is a place for a barbecue or barbecue, a small shed or gazebo, as well as a large table with benches
For lovers of outdoor activities, you should provide a place for sports games: volleyball supports, basketball racks or a small complex of horizontal bars with ropes and rings
Stage # 2 - zoning the territory
You can separate the recreation area from the main garden using hedges. Plants for the design of such fences can be selected depending on the illumination of the designated area and the owner's taste preferences. Coniferous hedges not only complement the design of the recreation area in the country, but also purify the air by filling it with essential oils with bactericidal properties.
Fences can also be made from bamboo, stone and wood.
Stage # 3 - foundation preparation + paving
The easiest option is soft lawns, which are not only pleasant to walk barefoot, but also have a small picnic right on the grass. In places where it is supposed to place a table with chairs, it is advisable to make paving from wood cuts, stone, tiles, paving bricks or plastic modules with a corrugated surface.
In the same style with the design of the site, pedestrian connections can also be made, connecting the recreation area with other elements of the site and the house.
Stage # 4 (optional) - barbecue and gazebo arrangement
A gazebo is a secluded corner where you can spend hours chatting in a pleasant company over a cup of aromatic tea or coffee, admiring the surrounding beauty. The gazebo will also become a reliable protection in bad weather: during the rain, its walls will be able to accommodate the owners and guests who have gathered for the planned picnic.
Related article: Do-it-yourself gazebos for summer cottages: general construction rules + 7 original ideas
Place the gazebo in the most picturesque corner of the garden that is conducive to thought, far from the street noise.
Climbing plants, braiding the structure, allow you to create a mood of romance and mystery
Among the flowering climbing plants that fill the space with a charming aroma, the most impressive are the varieties of honeysuckle, clematis and climbing rose.
Thinking over the design of the recreation area in the garden, do not forget about such a functional element of the interior as a barbecue.
The brazier can be used both for its intended purpose, delighting guests with a fragrant barbecue, and as a heating device, the fire in which will warm on a rainy day and allow
In families with small children, instead of a barbecue in open areas, outdoor fireplaces are often installed, which also successfully replace the traditional kitchen stove.
Outdoor fireplaces do not have open flames and therefore are safer designs.
Stage # 5 - choosing garden furniture
When choosing garden furniture for a comfortable stay, designers recommend following principles such as lightness and practicality.
An alternative to the upholstered furniture familiar to many of us can be wicker, wooden, forged openwork or plastic
The materials used for the manufacture of garden furniture are usually easy to maintain and are not afraid of adverse weather conditions. A variety of soft flooring and cushions will help to decorate the furniture and increase a comfortable rest, which can always be brought under the shed in case of rain.
And also, you can build a hanging hammock chair, read about it: https://diz-cafe.com/postroiki/podvesnoe-kreslo.html
It's all about the details: the choice of accessories
It is known that coziness is created by little things. Ceramic figurines of fairy-tale characters peering out from under the bush, various baths and drinkers for birds, bells and pendants, decorative lanterns - the choice depends only on your imagination. Flowers are, of course, a striking addition to the interior: flowerpots with ampelous plants, floor pots with dwarf conifers, pergolas and arches with climbing flowering plants.
At night, the atmosphere of comfort in the recreation area will help to create all kinds of lamps and glowing stones.
Whichever option the choice of the owner of the site stops, the main thing is that the design of the recreation area is organically combined with the landscape of the area and the house itself.